Can Vacuum Aspiration Cause Infertility?

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Can Vacuum Aspiration Cause Infertility?

Are You Wondering Can Vacuum Aspiration Cause Infertility?

Well, in this article, we have shared all the information on vacuum aspiration, its type, and the answer to this question “can vacuum aspiration cause infertility.” Therefore, keep reading till the end.

What is Vacuum Aspiration?

Vacuum aspiration, also known as suction aspiration, is a method to remove the fetus through the cervix with the help of a vacuum source. This procedure is done to cause abortion, as surgery for retained pregnancy tissue or incomplete miscarriage. Moreover, it is also used to get a sample of endometrial biopsy.

Different Methods of Vacuum Aspiration

Vacuum aspiration (also known as suction aspiration) can be accomplished in two ways:

  • Manual Vacuum

This technique is safe to utilize between 5 and 12 weeks following the last menstrual cycle (early first trimester). It entails applying suction with a specifically constructed syringe. Unfortunately, this technique is not available in every location. However, in some geographical regions, it may be more accessible than machine ambition.

  • Machine Vacuum

Machine Vacuum is a popular technique used in the first 5 to 12 weeks (first trimester). Machine vacuum aspiration makes use of a tiny tube (cannula) connected by tubing to a bottle and a pump that creates a mild vacuum. The cannula is inserted into the uterus, the pump is activated, and gently withdrawn tissue.

Procedure for Vacuum Aspiration

A cervical (osmotic) dilator may be inserted in the cervix hours or days before a vacuum aspiration operation to gradually open (dilate) it. Antibiotics are administered just before surgery to avoid infection. Before the operation, you can use a medication called misoprostol to soften the cervix.

Vacuum aspiration typically takes 10 to 15 minutes. It is possible to perform it properly in a clinic or medical workplace with a local anesthetic. The healthcare professional will do the following for this procedure:

  • Place you on the exam table in the same position as a pelvic examination, with your feet on stirrups and your back to the doctor.
  • Slide a speculum into the vaginal opening.
  • One can use an antiseptic solution to clean the vagina and cervix.
  • Inject a numbing agent into the cervix (local anesthetic). In addition to the local anesthetic, pain or sedative medication may be administered orally or intravenously (intravenously). Vasopressin or a comparable medication that reduces uterine bleeding may be used with the local anesthetic to decrease blood loss.
  • To keep the uterus in place, grasp the cervix using a tool.
  • With a small tool, open (dilate) the cervical canal. Dilation lowers the chance of cervix damage during the operation.
  • Insert a tiny tube (cannula) into the cervical canal and use suction to remove all uterine tissue carefully. The uterus will contract when the uterine tissue is removed. During the surgery, most women experience cramps. After the tube is withdrawn, the cramps will subside. Some women may also experience nausea, sweating, or fainting.
  • The tissue extracted from the uterus during a vacuum aspiration operation is inspected to ensure that all of the tissue has been extracted and the abortion has been completed.
  • If all tissue has not been removed by vacuum aspiration, one requires a dilatation and curettage (D&C) operation. D&C removes tissue from the uterus with a sharp surgical tool.

What to Expect Following Surgery?

A minor surgical technique is vacuum aspiration. A typical recovery involves the following:

  • For the first two weeks, you may experience irregular bleeding or spotting. Therefore, you should avoid Tampons during the first week and must only use pads.
  • Menstrual cramps are comparable to cramps. These may last several hours or even a few days as the uterus shrinks back to its pre-pregnancy size.

Following The Procedure

To avoid infection, finish the entire course of antibiotics given to you.

  • For the rest of the day, be quiet. Then, depending on how you feel the next day, you can resume normal activities.
  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) can be used to alleviate cramping pain. Take precautions when handling medications. Read and follow all of the label’s directions.
  • Do not engage in sexual activity for at least a week. After the abortion, use birth contraception. Also, use condoms to avoid infection. Specific birth control techniques can be started immediately following the surgery.

Can Vacuum Aspiration cause Infertility?

During the first trimester of pregnancy, vacuum aspiration is performed.

Vacuum aspiration can be used for the following purposes:

  • Abortion for therapeutic purposes.
  • An unsuccessful medical abortion.
  • The fetus’s death (missed spontaneous abortion).
  • An incomplete miscarriage (incomplete spontaneous abortion).

How Effective It Is?

Abortions in the first trimester are safe and successful, with minimal complications.

In rare circumstances, an aspiration technique fails to terminate a pregnancy; this is more likely to occur during the first few weeks of pregnancy. Therefore, infertility doesn’t usually occur because of vacuum aspiration.

Frequently asked questions

What is the Right time for Vacuum Aspiration? 

Vacuum aspiration can be done around 5 to 12 weeks after the first menstrual cycle. It is performed with the use of a syringe to give suction.

Do we Bleed after Vacuum Aspiration?

You may have bleeding or spotting after vacuum aspiration. Moreover, you may also experience menstrual cramps, anxiety, guilt, and sadness. These reactions are pretty common when you experience a miscarriage.

Bottom Line

Abortion seldom impacts your capacity to conceive in the future. As a result, it is possible to become pregnant in the weeks after the surgery. Avoid sexual activity for at least a week until your body has fully healed. Use birth control throughout the first several weeks after the abortion. Also, use condoms to avoid infection.

When pregnancy hormones alter after an abortion, depression can occur. If you have had signs of depression for more than two weeks, such as exhaustion, changes in sleep or appetite, or feelings of sorrow, emptiness, worry, or anger, consult your doctor about treatment.

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